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Volvo Truck Diagnostics (Ultimate Guide To Fault Finding!)

Diagnostics are necessary for trucks and semi-trucks to determine specific issues.

By conducting diagnostics, you will know how to fix the fault of your semi-truck experience.

In this article, you will focus on Volvo truck diagnostic tools and fault codes to help you out on how to fix it.

Here’s a Short Summary of How to Run Volvo Truck Diagnostics:

To run diagnostics in a Volvo truck, a diagnostic tool is used to communicate to the truck’s computer system, engine, and other parts. The diagnostic tool is connected to the truck’s diagnostic port and, when run, will show you specific fault codes that correspond to the current issues of the truck.

Volvo Truck Diagnostic Port

The diagnostic port is where you connect the diagnostic tool to access the truck’s computer system and run the necessary diagnostic to fix some faulty issues.

What Diagnostic Port Does a Volvo Truck Have?

The Volvo Truck uses three main types of diagnostic ports. These are the OBD2, 6-pin (J1708), and the 9-pin (J1939).

The 6-pin port is for the 2000 and older models with a Volvo engine.

The 6-pin or 9-pin type I black is for 2000 to 2004 models with a Volvo engine. It is also the same for the 2006-2016 truck models with a Cummins engine.

The 9-pin type I black is for 2005 to 2013 models with a Volvo engine.

The OBD2 port 16-pin is for models 2014 to the current year with a Volvo engine. It also works for 2006 to 2014 Volvo truck models with a Volvo D series engine.

Lastly, the 9-pin type II green port is for 2016 to newer models of Volvo trucks with a Cummins engine.

Do you Need a 9-pin to OBD2 Adapter for your Volvo Truck?

Knowing your Volvo truck’s diagnostic port type is always a good practice. If you need to conduct diagnostics to find out some issues, you can connect the diagnostic tool properly.

Based on the info above, the 2000-2013 Volvo engine and the 2006-2016 Cummins engine use the 9-pin type port.

If your truck belongs to these models and your diagnostic tool has the OBD2 port cable, you can use a 9-pin to OBD2 adapter to diagnose your Volvo truck.

Where is the Diagnostic Port on a Volvo Truck?

In general, you can find the diagnostic port of your Volvo truck in the area below the steering wheel. It is usually located on the left side, behind the dashboard.

Volvo Truck Diagnostic Tool

Volvo Trucks uses Premium Tech Tool (PTT) diagnostic application. It is a Windows-based diagnostic tool designed to conduct fast and accurate readings.

What is the Volvo Tech Tool?

The Volvo Tech Tool is the one that supports the diagnostic procedure on your truck’s computer system.

This software or tool makes repairs and maintenance more accurate and effective.

You can use the Volvo Tech Tool either online or offline or not connected to the central system of your truck, so you can still perform diagnosis while even on the roadside or far from a repair shop.

How do I Update my Volvo Tech Tool?

The diagnostic will work more accurately if you use the latest update of your Volvo Tech Tool.

You can follow these steps to update it:

1. Access the Client Update Agent on your PC. You can find its icon in the lower right corner of the screen.

2. Open the Client Update Window and click the “Search for updates” button.

3. If an “update” is already available, click on the download button.

4. To automatically install the updates, ensure you click the checkbox for it.

5. As the updates start downloading or installing, you will see the progress information. You can close the window once done.

6. Launch the Tech Tool from your truck without connecting it to your computer.

7. Click on the Tech Tool on the drop-down menu. Then, click on Update Product Information.

8. A window will prompt on the screen, indicating that the action is now making progress.

9. Once completed, a status window will appear, showing a successful update to the system.

Volvo Truck Diagnostic Software

A diagnostic tool needs software to conduct accurate and fast diagnostics on your Volvo truck.

What diagnostic software does Volvo use?

Volvo trucks often use the Truck Diagnostic System software solution or TDS for proper diagnosis of repairs and maintenance needed for your truck.

Do Volvo D12 and D13 use the same diagnostic software?

Volvo D12 and D13 engines may use similar diagnostic software since they have similar tools and ports installed.

Volvo Truck Diagnostic Fault Codes

When diagnosing your truck, you will notice that it will only show you codes representing the fault or issue.

There are a lot of fault codes available. Still, you may want to familiarize yourself with the most common ones when driving a Volvo truck.

How do I Get the Code for my Volvo Truck?

To get the code when diagnosing your Volvo truck, ensure it is on neutral first while the parking brake is on. After you activate the parking brake, follow these steps.

  1. Check the lever on the right side of the steering wheel. On its end, you will see two buttons, the escape and enter buttons. Push the escape button and check your truck’s dashboard.
  2. Then press the enter button for you to see a menu. Press the down button until you see the Diagnostics menu. Press enter and view active faults. You will then see several ECUs.
  3. Check engine ECU, and you may see an error. To know if there are other errors, look at the number on the upper right to see the total number of faults on your truck.
  4. To check on the other errors, press the up or down button to scroll on the screen again. To get the code, check the number combination on the right side of DTC. Typically, it starts with the letter “P” or sometimes “U.”
  5. Press escape and check the other ECUs to see if they also have errors. Once you get the codes, you can check the list below to know what the fault codes mean.

What Do the Fault Codes Mean?

Some people will already know the fault or error as soon as they see the codes. But for most drivers, it may not be the case.

To help you out, here’s a list of typical fault codes for Volvo trucks and their meanings:

Fault CodesMeanings
P001676Crankshaft Position in connection with the Camshaft Position
P003A99Turbocharger or turbocharger supercharging control position “A” has exceeded the minimum threshold
P004513, P004519, P004577, P004591, P004592, P00459AOpening in turbocharger or turbocharger supercharging control circuit “A”
P006964Absolute pressure in the reservoir and barometric pressure
P006E16, P006E17Supply voltage control circuit turbocharger or turbocharger “A”
P007011, P007015Outdoor temperature sensor “A”
P008700, P008800Low pressure in row 1 of the fuel distribution pipe
P008A00Low-pressure fuel system
P008B00, P008B97High-pressure fuel system
P009011, P009012, P009013Fuel pressure regulator one control
P009400A small leak in the fuel system
P009A00Air temperature at engine intake – correlation
P009B11, P009B12, P009B13, P009B73Fuel pressure relief control
P00AF41Turbocharger or turbocharger supercharger control module “A” performance
P00C600Fuel distribution pipe – engine crankshaft rotation low pressure
P010501, P010512, P010513, P010562Total pressure sensor in the manifold or barometric pressure
P011001, P011011, P011013Sensor 1 row 1 Intake air temperature in 
P011501, P011511, P011513, P01152ASensor 1 engine coolant temperature 
P012011, P012012Sensor “A” throttle or pedal position 
P012800Coolant temperature below the thermostat control temperature
P016800High fuel temperature in the engine
P016E00High control of the fuel pressure in a closed loop at the limit is too high
P016F00Controlling the low fuel pressure in a closed loop
P018501, P018511, P018513, P018564Fuel temperature sensor “B”
P019001, P019011, P019013, P019062, P019064Pressure sensor in the fuel distributor pipe, row 1
P019511, P019513, P019564, P019511, P019513, P019564Engine oil temperature sensor “A”
P01B901, P01B911, P01B913Engine oil temperature sensor “B”
P020111, P020112, P020113, P020156Cylinder 1 nozzle “A”
P020211, P020212, P020213, P020256Cylinder 2 injector “A”
P020311, P020312, P020313, P020356Cylinder 3 injector “A”
P020411, P020412, P020413, P020456Cylinder 4 nozzle “A”
P020511, P020512, P020513, P020556Cylinder 5 injector “A”
P020611, P020612, P020613, P020656Cylinder 6 nozzle “A”
P021700Max engine coolant temperature status
P021800The condition of the transmission oil temperature rise
P021900State engine speed excess
P023400Overcharging state of turbocharger or supercharger
P024311, P024312, P024313Solenoid of the bypass damper “A” of the turbocharger or supercharger
P025612, P025614, P025692Fuel injector diesel injector
P026A00Charge air cooler below threshold
P029800Excess engine oil temperature
P029900Inadequate supercharging of the turbocharger or supercharger
P02CC00Fuel injector cylinder 1 – minimum limit
P02CD00Fuel injector cylinder 1 – maximum limit
P02CE00Fuel injector cylinder 2 – minimum limit
P02CF00Fuel injector cylinder 2 – maximum limit
P02D000Fuel injector cylinder 3 – minimum limit
P02D100Fuel injector cylinder 3 – maximum limit
P02D200Fuel injector of the cylinder 4 – minimum limit
P02D300Fuel injector cylinder 4 – maximum limit
P02D400Fuel injector cylinder 5 – minimum limit
P02D500Fuel injector cylinder 5 – maximum limit
P02D600Fuel injector of the cylinder 6 – minimum limit
P02D700Fuel injector of the cylinder 6 – maximum limit
P02E011, P02E012, P02E013, P02E07C, P02E09B, P02E09CAirflow control at the diesel engine inlet
P02E601, P02E612, P02E613, P02E697, P02E699Diesel engine admission regulator position sensor
P03351F, P033531, P033538Crankshaft position sensor “A”
P034031, P034038Camshaft position sensor “A” – row 1 or separate sensor
P04007C, P04009B, P04009CExhaust gas recirculation flow “A”
P040311, P040312, P040313, P040341, P040371, P040392EGR “A” control
P040901, P040912, P040913, P040964Differential pressure sensor EGR
P040A01, P040A11, P040A13, P040A64Exhaust gas recirculation system temperature sensor “A”
P041A11, P041A12, P041A2AExhaust gas recirculation system Temperature sensor circuit “B”
P042000Catalyst system efficiency below the threshold
P047001, P047012, P047013, P047064Exhaust gasses “A” gauge pressure
P047511, P047512, P047513, P047572Exhaust pressure control valve “A”
P048011, P048012, P048013Fan control circuit 1
P048613EGR system sensor “B”
P049D99Control position “A” EGR exceeded the threshold of training
P04D900Small flow limit of the closed loop EGR system control
P04DA00Strong flow of the closed loop EGR system control
P050011, P050013Vehicle speed by wheel
P051A01, P051A12, P051A13, P051A64Crankcase pressure sensor
P052001, P052012, P052013, P052064Engine oil pressure switch or relay “A”
P052400Low engine oil pressure
P052607, P052612Fan speed ​sensor circuit
P053E00High crankcase pressure
P054001, P054011, P054013, P054070, P05407FInlet air heater “A” control
P054464Exhaust temperature sensor – row 1 sensor 1
P055A01, P055A12, P055A13, P055A64Engine oil pressure switch or relay “B”
P055F00Engine oil pressure out of range
P05E311, P05E362, P05E364Parking brake sensor or switch circuit
P061511, P061512, P061513Starter relay
P06279CFuel pump control “A”
P064111, P064112, P06411CSensor reference voltage “A”
P065111Sensor reference voltage “V”
P066601, P066611Internal temperature sensor for control module “A”
P06B016, P06B017Sensor supply voltage “A”
P06B316, P06B317Sensor supply “B”
P06DA71Engine oil pressure adjustment
P06E616, P06E617Sensor supply voltage “C”
P073021, P073022, P07307CRecommended transfer
P100101, P100111, P100112, P100190, P100192Engine stop switch
P100211, P100212, P100213Pre-heater heater relay
P100701, P100711, P100712, P100713Air filter indicator
P101711Valve for draining water from fuel
P101E11, P101E12, P101E13Full blocking of the valve channel transmission
P102111, P102112, P102113Volvo Compression Brake Control Circuit (VCB)
P108600Oil level moderately low
P109300Engine oil pressure moderately low
P10C011, P10C012, P10C013Volvo Compression Brake Control Circuit (VCB) “2”
P10E100Critical differential pressure in particulate filter
P10E200Differential pressure on particulate filter moderately high
P10F800Clogged air filter
P10FE00Moderate high clogging of particulate filter – row 1
P110400Factory setting
P110501, P110511, P110512, P110573Engine back-up switch circuit “A”
P111600Moderate excess in the absolute pressure sensor in the reservoir
P111800Strong excess in the absolute pressure sensor in the collector
P111945High moderate level of the intake manifold temperature
P111A00High intake manifold temperature
P111D00Moderately low engine coolant level
P111E00Moderately high engine coolant temperature
P112500Moderately high engine oil temperature
P112800 Moderately low oil pressure for cooling the pistons
P112900Moderately high transmission oil temperature
P112B00Turbocharger or turbocharger drive temperature “A”
P112E00Exhaust gas temperature moderately high – row 1
P113411, P113413, P113472, P113473Air purge valve for fuel injection into the exhaust aftertreatment system
P113500High crankcase pressure relative to atmospheric pressure
P113600Error of calibration of the correlation of NOx 1/2 sensors – row 1
P113711, P113712, P113713Oil thermostat
P113F11, P113F12Idling switch confirmation cable with buffering – VECU side
P114000Low oil temperature of Volvo Compression Brake Control (VCB)
P114101, P114113, P114123, P114124Idling switch confirmation cable with buffering – ECM side
P114411, P114412, P114413Starter relay high voltage side
P114500Low level of the reducing agent is moderately low
P114700Moderately high pressure in the fuel distribution pipe or system, row 1
P114B00Low turbocharger or turbocharger drive temperature “A”
P114E00EGR drive temperature outside the operating range
P115000Correlation of Sensor, Switch Voltage “A” or “D” Throttle Position, Pedal Position
P115100Excess temperature of the post-treatment system
P115211, P115212, P115213Starting fuel pump
P115400Bodywork control module “A” and cluster control module (IPC) connection
P117311, P117312, P117313Low transmission range authorization valve
P117401, P117411, P117412Transmission range inquiry
P117600Deactivated starter motor – temperature rise
P117700Deactivated starter motor – gearbox is not in neutral position
P117800Deactivated starter motor – stuck electric motor
P117900Deactivated starter motor is deactivated – active power take-off
P117B01, P117B11, P117B12Temperature sensor switch in engine compartment
P117C00High requested gears range
P117D00Low requested driver transfer
P117E00High driver’s request
P117F11, P117F12, P117F13Bypass valve of the hydraulic valve
P203164Exhaust temperature sensor – Row 1 Sensor 2
P203A86Reagent level sensor “A”
P203F00Reducer level is low
P204F93Characteristics of the SCR system – dosing failure
P207F9AQuality of the reducing agent
P20D711, P20D713, P20D773Ffuel supply control to the exhaust aftertreatment system
P20DD01, P20DD12, P20DD13Fuel pressure sensor for exhaust gas aftertreatment
P20EE00Below efficiency of the SCR NOx catalyst in the threshold (row 1)
P20F400Low AdBlue consumption
P20F500High reducer consumption
P210900Performance characteristics of the “A” minimum limiter of the throttle or pedal position
P213600Correlation of Sensor, Switch Voltage “A” or “C” Throttle Position, Pedal Position
P215A62, P215A64Connection between the vehicle speed with wheel speed
P216300Performance characteristics of the maximum limit sensor “A” of the throttle or pedal position
P220012, P220013, P22001C, P220064, P220093NOx sensor – series 1 sensor 1
P222601, P222612, P222613, P222664Barometric pressure circuit
P225C00, P225D00High level signaling of the NOx sensor – row 1 sensor 1
P225E67, P225F00High level signaling of the NOx sensor – row 1 sensor 2
P226401, P226411, P226413Water sensor in fuel
P228D72High fuel pressure regulator 1 exceeded the control limits
P228E00Low fuel pressure regulator 1 exceeded the training limits
P228F00High fuel pressure regulator 1exceeded the training limits
P229E12, P229E13, P229E1C, P229E64, P229E93NOx sensor – row 1 sensor 2
P22FB92Sensor Specifications NOx – Row 1 Sensor 1
P22FE00Sensor Specifications NOx – Row 1 Sensor 2
P242800High exhaust gas temperature
P242A64Exhaust temperature sensor – Row 1 Sensor 3
P244A00Small differential pressure on the diesel particulate filter after-treatment 1
P244B00Large differential pressure on the diesel particulate filter after-treatment 1
P244C00Low exhaust gas temperature to regenerate the particulate filter
P245264Particulate filter pressure sensor “A”
P245700Below threshold value of coolant efficiency of the exhaust gas recirculation system
P246300Soot accumulation of the clogged particulate filter – row 1
P249D00Small flow control of the injection of the reducing agent in a closed loop at the limit
P249E00High injection of the reducing agent in a closed loop at the limit
P249F92Excessive time for switching to the closed-loop diesel particulate filter regeneration control mode
P24A000Low temperature control of DPF regeneration in a closed loop at the limit
P24A100High temperature control of DPF regeneration in a closed loop at the limit
P24A200Incomplete regeneration of the diesel particulate filter (row 1)
P24A400Large soot accumulation clogging of the diesel particulate filter (row 1)
P250A11, P250A13Engine oil level sensor
P250F00Low engine oil level
P253901, P253912, P253913Low fuel pressure sensor circuit
P255601, P255611, P255612, P255613Engine coolant level sensor or relay
P256000Low engine coolant level
P256214, P256214Sensor “A” turbocharger supercharging control position
P259C00Excessive time for entering the supercharging control of the turbocharger “A” in a closed loop
P25A911, P25A912, P25A913, P25A971Control oil supply for cooling pistons
P25AE00Low oil pressure for cooling the pistons
P260011, P260012, P260013Coolant pump control circuit or break
P268111, P268112, P268113Control of the bypass valve “A” of the engine coolant
P269711, P269713, P269773, P26977AInjection fuel injector “A”
P2A1612, P2A1614, P2A1692Control unit “D” fuel flow meter injection pump (cam, rotor, or nozzle)
P2A1E12, P2A1E14, P2A1E92Control unit “F” fuel flow meter injection pump (cam, rotor, or injector)
U000188CAN Backbone bus 2 communication network
U001088CAN Backbone bus 1 communication network
U008088Communication Subnet of the car engine
U010100Lost communication with TECU
U010A00Lost communication with the A module of the exhaust gas recirculation system
U010C00Broken communication with the turbocharger or supercharger control module
U012100Communication with the anti-lock braking system (ABS)
U012900Lost communication with brake control module
U014100Lost connection with VMCU
U014200Lost connection with the body control module “B”
U015500Broken communication with the instrument cluster control module (IPC)
U016700Lost communication with the car immobilizer control module
U029D00Broken communication with NOx sensor “A”
U029E00Broken communication with the NOx sensor “B”
U032300Software incompatibility with the dashboard control module
U033100Incompatibility of software with the bodywork control module “A”
U042600Unreliable data from the immobilizer control module of the car
U116600Lost communication with CIOM
U116900Lost connection with DACU
U116B00Communication with TCM on the high-speed communication bus CAN
U116C00Broken communication with TCM on the CAN bus of the power plant
U116F00Broken communication with the control module of the supply of the reducing agent via the engine subnetwork
U117100Communication with the control unit of the body equipment via the high-speed communication bus CAN
U117300Communication with the IPC control unit via the high-speed communication CAN
U117888CAN bus communication system bus
U1FFF68Factory mode active
U300001, U300041, U300044, U300045, U300049Electronic control module
U300257Vehicle Identification Number

How Much Does it Cost to Run Diagnostics on a Volvo Truck?

To run diagnostics on your Volvo truck, you should prepare about $20 to $400.

The price may vary depending on how long the diagnostic will take and the cost in the repair shop. Some may even spend up to $600 for those who want to subscribe to a diagnostic tool.

Best Volvo Truck Diagnostic Tool

Investing in a good quality diagnostic tool for your Volvo truck is worth it since it will also help prolong its life and provide you with a safe ride.

If you are looking for the best Volvo truck diagnostic tool, check out these products:

1. AUTOPHIX 7110

The Autophix 7110 provides a complete system diagnostic scan tool compatible with all Volvo truck models. It runs on OBD2 diagnosis and is easy to operate.

2. NEXAS Heavy Duty Truck Scan Tool NL102

The Nexas heavy-duty truck scan tool NL102 supports Volvo trucks in compliance with the standard protocols, namely J158, J1939, and J1708.

3. ANCEL VOD700

The Ancel VOD700 is an OBD2 scanner that works specifically for Volvo trucks. It can provide accurate diagnostic fault codes for central systems or ECUs and the chassis, body, and other control modules.

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